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Knee Arthritis

Knee Arthritis and the Corresponding Surgery

OVERVIEW

Knee arthritis can make it hard to do many everyday activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. It is a major cause of lost work time and a serious disability for many people. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, but there are more than 100 different forms. While arthritis is mainly an adult disease, some forms affect children. Although there is no cure for arthritis, there are many treatment options available to help manage pain and keep people staying active.

As with other arthritic conditions, initial treatment of the knee is quite often nonsurgical. Treatment options may include lifestyle modifications, physiotherapy, medications, alternative therapies and assistive devices. However, once these treatments have been exhausted, your doctor may suggest knee arthritis surgery.

Before any surgical treatment is undertaken, Dr Slattery will thoroughly discuss the risks and possible complications associated with arthritis surgery and whether it is the correct option for you.

ANATOMY

Knee anatomy, and why you may require arthritis surgery

The knee is the largest and strongest joint in your body. It is made up of the lower end of the femur (thighbone), the upper end of the tibia (shinbone), and the patella (kneecap). The ends of the three bones where they touch are covered with articular cartilage, a smooth, slippery substance that protects and cushions the bones as you bend and straighten your knee.

Two wedge-shaped pieces of cartilage called meniscus act as “shock absorbers” between your thighbone and shinbone. They are tough and rubbery to help cushion the joint and keep it stable.

The knee joint is surrounded by a thin lining called the synovial membrane. This membrane releases a fluid that lubricates the cartilage and reduces friction.

Depending on which knee arthritis you may be suffering from, the knee joint gradually wears away resulting in bone rubbing on bone. If you believe you are suffering from knee arthritis and may require corresponding surgery, it’s important that you contact an orthopaedic surgeon to discuss your options.

Normal knee anatomy.  The knee is made up of four main things: bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons.

Enquiring about knee arthritis surgery

Dr Slattery is trained in total or partial knee replacement surgery, and is also trained in robotic assisted knee replacement. If you would like to organise a consultation with Dr Slattery, please contact one of his consulting rooms across Melbourne, otherwise please fill out an online contact form and we will get back to you shortly.

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