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Knee Arthroscopy

Knee Arthroscopy

OVERVIEW

Knee arthroscopy is a surgical procedure that allows Dr David Slattery to inspect the knee joint and make a diagnosis without the use of large incisions through skin and soft tissue. During arthroscopy, a small camera referred to as an arthroscope is inserted into the joint which then feeds an image to a video monitor. Dr Slattery then uses this video feed to guide miniature surgical instruments to perform the procedure. 

As these instruments and the arthroscope itself are very small, only a very small incision is required compared to that required for open surgery. The use of a smaller incision means that recovery may be faster as less skin and tissue is damaged as part of the surgery, resulting in reduced pain and joint stiffness. 

Knee arthroscopy may be recommended if you have a painful condition that is not responding to more conservative forms of treatment such as rest, physiotherapy or anti-inflammatory medication.

Knee arthroscopy may relieve painful symptoms of many problems that damage the cartilage surfaces and other soft tissues surrounding the joint. It may also be used as a diagnostic tool as a prelude to knee replacement

Knee arthroscopy has diverse applications 

Common arthroscopic procedures for the knee include:

  • REMOVAL OR REPAIR OF A TORN MENISCUS

Arthroscopy assists in the assessment of the viability of meniscus tissue’s ability to heal, informing decision regarding removal or repair. 

  • RECONSTRUCTION OF A TORN ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT

Utilised in both ACL repair (reattachment of an intact ligament) and reconstruction of damaged ligament. 

  • REMOVAL OF INFLAMED SYNOVIAL TISSUE

Referred to as synovitis, inflammation of synovial tissue is assessed with arthroscopy, also assisting in identifying the underlying cause. 

  • TRIMMING OF DAMAGED ARTICULAR CARTILAGE

Used to measure the extent of cartilage damage, helping to determine the appropriate treatment.

  •  REMOVAL OF LOOSE FRAGMENTS OF BONE OR CARTILAGE

Used to locate and remove fragments of bone or cartilage that have become loose and begun to move around within the joint.

  •  TREATMENT OF PATELLA (KNEECAP) PROBLEMS

Helps to identify misalignment or damage to the patella. 

  • TREATMENT OF KNEE SEPSIS (INFECTION)

Arthroscopic irrigation and debridement (removal of infected tissue) is used to treat knee sepsis.

  •  CLEARING/REMOVAL OF TIGHT BANDS/SCAR TISSUE

Arthroscopy can be used to assist in treatment of iliotibial band syndrome through lengthening and resection.

Knee Arthroscopy
(Left) A large meniscal tear called a “flap” tear. (Right) Arthroscopic removal of the damaged meniscal tissue.
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